Jury – to inquire about persons selected and sworn in accordance with the law and to make a judgment on questions of fact. Jurors in state courts can be as small as six jurors in some cases. Federal jurors for civil lawsuits must have six jurors, criminal cases must have twelve. Clerk – A court-appointed officer who works with the Chief Justice to oversee the administration of the court, particularly to help manage the flow of cases before the court and maintain court records. Bankruptcy – Refers to laws and legal proceedings involving individuals or businesses that are unable to pay their debts and seek the court`s help in making a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors can repay their debts by potentially paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. Oral Hearing – An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their views in court in an appeal and also to answer questions from judges. Binding precedent – A previous decision of a court that must be followed without compelling reason or significantly different facts or issues. Courts are often bound by the decisions of the courts of appeal, which have the power to review their decisions. For example, district courts are bound by decisions of the Court of Appeals, which can review their cases, and all courts – state and federal – are bound by decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court.
confirmed – judgment of the courts of appeal in which the decree or order is declared valid and applies as decided in lower instance. Alford`s Plea – A plea by an accused that allows him to claim his innocence, but allows the court to convict the accused without going to trial. Essentially, the defendant admits that the evidence is sufficient to prove guilt. Such a plea is often made to negotiate an agreement with the prosecutor for less serious charges or a sentence. Fourteen days after the accused was “held responsible”, he was charged by the Supreme Court of First Instance. This hearing is the same procedure as the first indictment. With rare exceptions, each party is allowed to negotiate for 30 minutes and up to 24 cases can be heard in a single session. Since most cases involve a review of a decision of another court, there is no jury and no witnesses are heard. For each case, the Court is seized of a record of previous proceedings and printed pleadings containing the arguments on each page. Reporter – Records court proceedings, creates a transcript and publishes court opinions or decisions. Court stenographer – A person who records word for word what is said in court and makes a transcript of the proceedings upon request. The following is a small selection of questions that are usually dictated by the terms of a court order: Magistrate Judges – judicial officers who help U.S.
district judges prepare cases for trial. You can decide certain criminal and civil cases if both parties agree that the case will be heard by a district judge instead of a district judge. During the sentencing phase of the criminal proceedings, the court determines the appropriate sentence for the convicted defendant. In determining an appropriate sentence, the court considers a number of factors, including the nature and seriousness of the crime, the criminal history of the accused, the personal circumstances of the accused, and the degree of remorse felt by the defendant. Record – A written record of all actions and proceedings in a dispute. At trial, the judge or jury will find the accused guilty or not guilty. The Public Prosecutor`s Office bears the burden of proof in criminal proceedings. Therefore, the prosecutor must prove beyond any doubt that the accused committed the accused crimes.
The accused has a constitutional right to a jury in most criminal cases. A jury or judge makes the final determination of guilt or innocence after listening to opening and closing statements, examinations and cross-examinations of witnesses, and jury orders. If the jury fails to reach a unanimous verdict, the judge may declare a miscarriage, and the case is either dismissed or a new jury is selected. If a judge or jury finds the accused guilty, the court convicts the accused. Jurisdiction – (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time. Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts.
2. The geographical area in which the General Court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A federal court in a state, for example, can usually rule on only one case arising from acts committed in that state. see dire – The process by which judges and lawyers select a small jury from among those who have the right to serve by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and willingness to decide the case solely on the basis of the evidence presented to the court. “To see said” is an expression that means “to tell the truth”. Prosecutions usually begin with an arrest by a police officer. A police officer may arrest a person if (1) the officer observes the person who commits a crime; (2) the officer is likely to have reason to believe that an offence has been committed by that person; or (3) the officer makes the arrest under the authority of a valid arrest warrant. After the arrest, the police take the suspect to task. When the police have completed the booking process, they will take the suspect into custody.
If the suspect has committed a minor crime, the policy may issue the suspect with a quote ordering him or her to appear in court at a later date. conversely – When an appellate court overturns the decision of a lower court due to an error. A reversal is often followed by pre-trial detention. For example, if the defendant argued on appeal that certain evidence should not have been used at trial and the Court of Appeal agrees, the case will be remanded in custody so that the trial court can reconsider the case without that evidence. The Court maintains this timetable during each Parliament until all referral cases have been heard and decided. In May and June, the Court of Justice sits only to issue orders and opinions. The Court was suspended at the end of June, but the work of the judges was incessant. Over the summer, they continue to analyze new petitions for review, review applications and applications, and must prepare for cases scheduled for the fall argument. .